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Author Name:    LYALL, William

Title:   Intellect, The Emotions, and The Moral Nature. First Edition.

Publisher:    Thomas Constable and Co., Edinburgh, 1855, 1855

Seller ID:   112466

LYALL, William, Rev. Intellect, The Emotions, and The Moral Nature. Edinburgh : Thomas Constable and Co. / London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co., MDCCCLV [1855]. First Edition. Pp (4),[v]- [I]-xii,[1]-627,(1),(4,ads). 8vo, original maroon pressed cloth, gilt title to spine.

TPL 8429, Watters p.807, Rhodenizer p.274, Slater, Bibliography of Modern American Philosophers 1855.

"The work merits recognition as one of the first Canadian books in this field" [i.e. philosophy] - DCB. Vol 11, p.534.

Rev. William Lyall was with the Free College, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Partial contents (first 70 pages) :

I. Mind and matter, the two substances about which philosophy is conversant. -Importance of distinction between Matter and Mind. - Two classes of philosophers, according to the predominance assigned in their systems to Matter or Mind. - Consciousness the only immediate object of cognition. - Consciousness the starting-point of philosophy. - How the mind passes from a state of simple consciousness to the idea of self. -Descartes' Enthymeme. - The German "Ego". -The amount of Descartes' Enthymeme. Fichte's formula. -The idea of personal existence, the first idea of the awakening mind.

II. Origin of the Idea of Externality. - Dr. Brown's account of this idea. -Remarks on Dr. Brown's account of this idea. -Error of Dr. Brown in denying any peculiar intuition in order to this idea. -Special difficulty in regard to the mode of communication between Mind and Matter. -Vanity of attempting to account for this communication, or explain the mode of it. -The principle of common sense. -Coincidence between Reid, Oswald, and Beattie, and the French philosopher, Father Buffier.

III. The idea of Externality not that of an external world. -Origin of the idea of matter.

IV. Muscular resistance as distinguished from tactual. -Dr. Brown the first to take notice of this distinction. -Matter, what, as first apprehended by the mind. -Other properties of matter.-Idea of substance. Substance and quality distinguished. -The mind informe d of its own existence, and its own qualities, pari passu with its informations respecting matter. -This indicates the laws of our being.

V. The idea of Extension. -What gives us this idea. -The ideas of magnitude and figure.-How the infant mind is concerned in the attainment of its first or primit ive ideas. -Magnitude, figure, distance, not objects of sight. -Illustrations to show that these are acquired objects of vision, or connected with vision only by a process of association.

VI. Primary Qualities of Matter. Dr. Brown's view as to the primary qualities. -The secondary qualities of Matter. -Weights, or gravitation, a law rather than a property of matter. Weight but the action of gravitation. -The centripetal and centrifugal forces the two grand and prevading agencies in the universe. -The secondary qualities of matter but modifications of the primary, according to Locke. -Difference in the child's process of attaining its ideas from this point forward.

VII. Idea of Space. -Locke's account of this idea. - Reid's account of this idea. -What space is according to the German metaphysics. -What, according to Dr. Samuel Clarke. -Three particulars notices by Cousin in connexion with this idea. -Has space objectivity? -The idea of Time. - Locke's acount of the idea. -Origin of the idea according to Dr. Brown. - View of Cousin. -Merit of Locke, according to Cousin, in tracing the origin of this idea. -Though the notion of time derived from succession, not itself succession. -Time absolute. -The idea of Eternity. -Idea of Power. Origin of the idea. -Nature of the idea. Efficiency denied to power. - Barrow, Hobbs, Butler, and Berkeley, quoted by Dugald Stewart as denying efficiency in power. -The doctrine of Malebranche. -Atheism of Hume in denying efficiency to power. [etc.].

"LYALL, WILLIAM, Presbyterian clergyman, author, and professor; (b. 11 June 1811 in Paisley, Scotland, the third son of William Lyall, merchant; d. January 17 1890 in Halifax, Nova Scotia).

"William Lyall was educated at Paisley Grammar School and at the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh. Early in life he was attracted to the study of philosophy and, although ordained a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, he made his mark as a philosopher rather than as a theologian. After serving Free Church congregations in Broxburn, West Lothian, Uphall, and Linlithgow, he immigrated to British North America in 1848. For the next two years he was tutor at Knox College, Toronto. He resigned in 1850 to become professor of mental and moral philosophy and classical literature at the Free Church College in Halifax. In 1860, following a union of Presbyterian churches, he was transferred to the Theological Seminary in Truro, N.S. When this institution closed in 1863 Lyall became professor of logic and psychology at Dalhousie College in Halifax,a position he held until his death. During Lyall’s years as a student the “philosophy of common sense” as developed by Thomas Reid and Dugald Stewart was pre-eminent in Scotland and it was to this school that he belonged. When Lyall wrote Intellect, the emotions, and the moral nature (1855), he was greatly influenced by Sir William Hamilton under whom he may have studied at Edinburgh. Although largely a synthesis of philosophical thought and not highly original, the work merits recognition as one of the first Canadian books in this field. For Lyall, philosophy was the handmaiden of religion, and he never strayed from currently held theological views.
“In the scriptures,” he wrote, “we have the only, the authoritative statement of man’s apostacy. Philosophy may speculate: the Bible reveals – not the mode or nature of change, but the circumstance of change. The great fact is told, the mod us of it is left unexplained.” His book attracted widespread attention and for a number of years was in vogue as a text in metaphysics. On the strength of this work, the West of Scotland Magazine in 1856 suggested Lyall as the successor to Sir William Hamilton in the chair of logic and metaphysics at Edinburgh. The magazine claimed that Lyall “had done much to confirm and strengthen the principles of Scottish philosophy” and that his writing displayed the erudition and talent which “eminently fitted him to succeed the great champion,” Hamilton. Nothing came of the proposal and Lyall remained in Nova Scotia. On 3 May 1864 he was awarded an honorary LL.D. from McGill College in Montreal and when the Royal Society of Canada was established in 1882 Lyall was named a founding fellow. In addition to his teaching duties,for which he was “in his own person a whole faculty of arts,” Lyall dabbled in poetry, cultivated a wide interest in English literature, and did occasional supply preaching. During the summer of 1852 he ministered to the congregation of St Andrew’s Free Church, St John’s, Newfoundland, and he held office in 1852–53 as moderator of the Free Church presbytery in Halifax. Above all, he enjoyed teaching, his objective being “to evoke in students a taste and zeal for philosophical investigation.” - (William B. Hamilton, in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Vol. XI). Ex-libris Gerald A. Lear (probably Gerald Aldington Lear, graduate of Dalhousie University (1889), died 1944.

Rebacked, spine repaired, new matching front flyleaf, corners and fore-edge bumped, some foxing, underlining and pencilled notes, old penned name,else very good. 500.00



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