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Author Name:    WASHBURN, Stanley

Title:   On the Russian Front in World War I : Memoirs of an American War Correspondent. First Edition in dustjacket

Publisher:    Robert Speller and Sons, Publishers, Inc., New York, New York, 1982, ISBN:0831501391 

Seller ID:   113528

WASHBURN, Stanley. On the Russian Front in World War I : Memoirs of an American War Correspondent. New York, New York : Robert Speller and Sons, Publishers, Inc., (1982). First Edition. Pp (16),1-332. Illusrated. Index. 8vo, maroon cloth, silver lettering to front board and spine. The date on the copyright page was printed as 1981, but corrected in pen to 1982, since the publication date on the Review Copy slip is listed as March 20, 1982. "This is the story of how one man, the correspondent of The Times of London from 1914 to 1917, developed an editorial influence which moulded the policy of nations. His cabled dispatches and stories appeared continuously in The Times under his by-nne, an unprecedented recognition of his role. Washburn, asan American journalist, made himself indispensable to generals of the army , Kings, foreign ministers and later to the U.S. State Department. His first reportorial job was with the Minneapolis Journal and then at the age of twenty-six he was covering the Russo-Jap War for the Chicago Daily News. Following the fall of Port Arthur Washburn covered revolutions in Bulgaria, Turkey and Russia for the Daily News. In August of 1914 Washburn left for Europe. Within a week of his arrival in London he was hired by Lord Northcliffe to represent The Times in Russia. In this era of instant playback in color via satellite of dramatic events as they occur in any part of the world, it is hard to imagine what it took in 1914 to get the news from the battle fronts in Poland, Russia, and Roumania when cable stations were few and farbetween and messages cost five dolars a word. The Vietnam war was reported by armies of correspondents representing every conceivable media, from net work television to the Women's Wear Daily. These media representatives wereissued passes; transported around by the military; given daily briefings a nd assisted in every way to get the message back home. But in 1914 the reporting of war news was vastly different on the Eastern Front of World War I.The few correspondents were on their own. They were normally never permitt ed to visit the front. The scale of the fighting at that time is incomprehensible when compared to the Vietnam conflict. In single battles, mostly unknown to history, casualties frequently exceeded in forty-eight hours the total U.S. casualties in all the years of the Vietnam war. Between 1914 and 1917 it is estimated that the Russian losses exceeded ten million. This little known era of history is vividly described by a war correspondent who spent those three dreadful years with the Russian armies on the eastern front.This book is the story of how one man, Stanley Washburn, correspondent for The Times of London from 1914 to 1917 with the Russian armies on the Easte rn Front of World War I developed an editorial influence which moulded the policjcy of nations. His cabled dispatches and stories appeared continuously in The Times under his by-line, an unprecedented recognition of any previous war correspondent, and were picked up by newspapers throughout the world including the German press. His writing served to restore the morale of millions of Russian civilians and soldiers. At the same time his reporting following the fall of the great Austrian fortress of Przemysl was so detrimental to the German cause thta the Berlin worldwide wireless broadcast statethat "Stanley Washburn was the most dangerous journalist in Europe to the German cause... he never wrote story which was not subtly aimed to undermine the morale of the Germans and Austrians and encourage the allies... ." Inthe opinion of the Imperial Staff of the Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaevich of Russia, this single story hurt the German morale more than the loss of 80,000 casualties. As an unofficial diplomat witlh the power to influence millions via news stories originating in The Times, Washburn was invited to join the Imperial Staff of the Russian Emperor—the Czar. As there never had been an official position paper or statement as to Russia's intentions in the world during and after the war, Washburn prepared a statement for the Czar's signature. This statement was the first indication the Western World received as to Russia's intent to support the allies until an eventual victory by exerting continuous military pressure on the Eastern Front thereby diverting massive enemy resources and material from the Western Front. History has confirmed that without this vast effort which cost the Russians an estimated six million men over a three year period, the German armies in the west would certainly have crushed the British and the French and won the war." (from the dj). Very good in rubbed and nicked, unclipped dustjacket, with a Review Copy slip laid in. 75.00


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