ALLEN, E. A.
Title: Prehistoric World : or, Vanished Races
Publisher:  Central Publishing House, Cincinnati, 1885,
Seller ID: 115942
ALLEN, E. A. The Prehistoric World : or, Vanished Races. Cincinnati : Central Publishing House, 1885. Pp (6),-820,(4) + frontispiece, engraved title page, and 22 other full-page engravings. Also, 327 text illustrations. Thick 8vo, maroon half leather, maroon cloth boards, gilt lettering to front board and spine, marbled endpapers, all edges marbled. Copyright by Ferguson, Alllen, and Rader, 1885. Emory Adams Allen (1853–1933). Helped by C.C. Abbott, M.D., Prof. Charles Rau, Prof. F.W. Putnam, Alexander Winchell, LL. D., A.F. Bandelier, Cyrus Thomas, and G.F.Wright. Contents : Chapter 1. Introduction. Difficulties of the subject—Lesson to be learned—The pursuit of knowledge—Recent advances—Prehistoric past of the Old World—Of the New—Of Mexico and the South—The Isles of the Pacific—Similar nature of the relics—The wonders of the present age—History of popular opinion on this subject—The teachings of the Bible—Nature of the evidence of man's antiquity—The steps leading up to this belief—Geology—Astronomy—Unfolding of life—Nature of our inquiry. Chapter 2. Early Geological Periods. Necessity of a general acquaintance with the outlines of Geology—A time in which no life was possibleon the globe—Length of this period—History of life commences at the close of this period—On the formation of rocks—The record imperfect—The three great periods in animal life on the globe—Paleozoic Age—Animal and vegetable life of this period—Ideal scenes in this period—The Mesozoic Age—Animal and vegetable life of this period—Advance noted—Abundance of reptilian life—First appearance of birds—Nature's methods of work—the Cenozoic Age Geologicaloutline—Sketch of the Eocene Age—Of the Miocene Age—What is sufficient pro of of the presence of man—Discussion on the Thenay flints—The Pliocene Age—Animal and vegetable life of this age—Was man present during this age?—Discussion of this subject—Summing up of the evidence—Conclusion. Chapter 3. Men of the River Drift. Beginning of the Glacial Age—Interglacial Age—Man living in Europe during this age—Map of Europe—Proof of former elevation of land—The animals living in Europe during this age—Conclusions drawn from these different animals—The vegetation of this period—Different climatic conditions of Europe during the Glacial Age—Proofs of the Glacial Age — Extent ofGlacial Ice—Evidence of warm Interglacial Age—The primitive state of man—E arly English civilization — Views of Horace— Primitive man destitute of metals — Order in which different materials were used by man for weapons — Evidence from the River Somme — History of Boucher De Perthes's investigations. Discussion of the subject — Antiquity of these remains — Improvement during the Paleolithic Age — Description of the flint implements — Other countries where these implements are found — What race of men were these tribes —The Canstadt race — Mr. Dawkins's views — When did they first appear in Eu rope? The authorities on this question — Conclusion. Chapter 4. Cave-Men. Other sources of information — History of cave explorations — The formation of caves — Exploration in Kent's Cavern — Evidence of two different races —The higher culture of the later race — Evidence of prolonged time — Explor ation of Robin Hood Cave — Explorations in Valley of the River Meuse — M. Dupont's conclusions — Explorations in the Valley of the Dordogne — The station at Schussenreid — Cave-men not found south of the Alps — Habitations ofthe Cave-men — Cave-men were hunters — Methods of cooking — Destitute of t he potter's art — Their weapons — Clothing — Their skill in drawing — Evidence of a government — Of a religious belief — Race of the Cave-men — Distinct from the Men of the Drift — Probable connection with the Eskimos. Chapter 5. Antiquity of the Paleolithic Age. Interest in the Antiquity of man — Connected with the Glacial Age — The subject difficult — Proofs of a GlacialAge — State of Greenland to-day — The Terminal Moraine — Appearance of the North Atlantic — Interglacial Age — Causes of the Glacial Age — Croll's Th eory — Geographical causes — The two theories not antagonistic — The date of the Glacial Age — Probable length of the Paleolithic Age — Time Since theclose of the Glacial Age — Summary of results. Chapter 6. The Neolithic Ag e in Europe. Close of the first cycle — Neolithic culture connected with the present — No links between the two ages — Long lapse of time between the two ages — Swiss lake villages — This form of villages widely scattered — Irish cranogs — Fortified villages — Implements and weapons of Neolithic times — Possessed of pottery — Neolithic agriculture — Possessed of domestic animals — Danish shell-heaps — Importance of flint — The art of navigation —Neolithic clothing — Their mode of burial — The question of race — Possibl e remnants — Connection with the Turanian race — Arrival of the Celts. Chapter 7. The Bronze Age in Europe. Races of Men, like Individuals — Gradual change of Neolithic Age to that of Bronze — The Aryan family — First Aryans Neolithic — Origin of Bronze — How Great discoveries are made — Gold the first metal — Copper abundant — No Copper Age — The discovery of Tin — Explanation of an Alloy — Bronze, wherever found, the same composition — What is meant by the Bronze Age — Knowledge in other directions — Gradual Growth ofCulture — Three Centers of Bronze production — Habitations during the Bron ze Age — The Bronze Ax — Implements of Bronze — Personal ornaments — Ornaments not always made of Bronze — Advance in Arts of living — Advance in Agriculture — Warlike Weapons — How they worked Bronze — Advance in Government — Trade in the Bronze Age — Religion of the Bronze Age — Symbolical figures— Temples of the Bronze Age — Stonehenge. Chapter 8. The Iron Age in Europ e. Bronze not the best metal — Difficulties attending the discovery of Iron— Probable steps in this discovery — Where this discovery was first made — Known in Ancient Egypt — How this knowledge would spread — Iron would not drive out Bronze — The primitive Iron-worker — The advance in government — Pottery and ornaments of the Iron Age — Weapons of early Iron Age — The battle-field of Tilfenau — Trade of early Iron Age — Invention of Money — Invention of Alphabetic Writing — Invasion of the Germanic Tribes — The cause of the Dark Ages — Connection of these three ages — Necessity of believing in an Extended Past — Attempts to determine the same — Tiniere Delta — Lake Bienne — British Fen-lands — Maximum and Minimum Data — Mr. Geikie's conclusions — The Isolation of the paleolithic Age. Chapter 9. Early Man in America. Conflicting accounts of the American Aborigines — Recent discoveries — Climate of California in Tertiary Times — Geological changes near its close— Description of Table Mountain — Results of the discoveries there — The C alaveras skull — Other relics — Discussion of the question — Early Californians Neolithic — Explanation of this — Date of the Pliocene Age — Other discoveries bearing on the Antiquity of man — Dr. Koch's discovery — Discoveries in the Loess of Nebraska — In Greene County, Illinois — In Georgia — Difficulties in detecting a Paleolithic Age in this country — Dr. Abbott's discoveries — Paleolithic Implements of the Delaware — Age of the deposits — The race of Paleolithic man — Ancestors of the Eskimos — Comparison of Paleolithic Age in this country with that in Europe — Eskimos one of the oldest races in the World. Chapter 10. The Mound Builders. Meaning of "Mound Builders" — Location of Mound Building tribes — All Mounds not the work of men —Altar Mounds — Objects found on the Altars — Altar Mounds possibly burial Mounds — Burial Mounds — Mounds not the only Cemeteries of these tribes — Terraced Mounds — Cahokia Mound — Historical notice of a group of Mounds — The Etowal group — Signal Mounds — Effigy Mounds — How they represented different animals — Explanation of the Effigy Mounds — Effigy Mounds in other localities — Inclosures of the Scioto Valley — At Newark, Ohio — At Marietta, Ohio — Graded Ways — Fortified Inclosures — Ft. Ancient, Ohio — Inclosures of Northern Ohio — Works of unknown import — Ancient Canals in Missouri —Implements and Weapons of Stone — Their knowledge of Copper — Ancient mini ng — Ornamental pipes — Their knowledge of pottery — Of Agriculture — Government and Religion — Hard to distinguish them from the Indians. Chapter 11.The Pueblo Country. Description of the Pueblo Country — Historical outline — Description of Zuñi — Definition of a Pueblo — Old Zuñi — Inscription Ro ck — Pueblo of Jemez — Historical notice of Pecos — Description of the Moqui tribes — The Estufa — Description of the San Juan country — Aztec Springs— In the Canyon of the McElmo — The Ruins on the Rio Mancos — On Hovenweep Creek — Description of a Cliff-house — Cliff Town — Cave Houses — Ruins on the San Juan — Cave Town — The Significance of Cliff-houses — Moqui tradit ions — Ruins in Northern New Mexico — Ruins in the Chaco Cañon — Pueblo Bonito — Ruins in South-western Arizona — The Rio Verde Valley — Casa Grande —Ruins on the Gila — Culture of the Pueblo Tribes — Their Pottery — Superio rity of the Ancient pottery — Conclusion. Chapter 12. The Prehistoric Americans. Different views on this Subject — Modern System of Government — Ancient System of Government — Tribal Government universal in North America — The Indians not Wandering Nomads — Indian houses Communal in character — Indian Methods of Defense — Mandan Villages — Indians sometimes erected Mounds — Probable Government of the Mound Builders — Traditions of the Mound Builders among the Iroquois — Among the Delawares — Probable fate of the Mound Builders — The Natchez Indians possibly a remnant of the Mound Builders — Their early Traditions — Lines of resemblance between the Pueblo Tribes and the Mound Builders — The origin of the Indians — America Inhabited by the Indians from a very early time — Classification of the Indian Tribes — Antiquity of the Indian Tribes. Chapter 13. The Nahua Tribes. Early Spanish discoveries in Mexico — The Nahua tribes defined — Climate of Mexico — The Valley of Anahuac — Ruins at Tezcuco — The Hill of Tezcocingo — Ruins at Teotihuacan — Ancient Tulla — Ruins in the Province of Querataro — Casa Grandes inChihuahua — Ancient remains in Sinaloa — Fortified Hill of Quemada — The P yramid of Cholula — Fortified Hill at Xochicalco — Its probable use — Ruinsat Monte Alban — Ancient remains at Mitla — Mr. Bandelier's investigations — Traditions in regard to Mitla — Ruins along the Panuco River — Ruins in Vera Cruz — Pyramid of Papantla — Tusapan — Character of Nahua Ruins. Chapter 14. The Maya Tribes. The geographical location of the Maya tribes — Description of Copan — Statue at Copan — Altar at Copan — Ruins at Quiriga — Patinamit — Utatlan — Description of Palenque — The Palace at Palenque — The Temple of the Three Inscriptions — Temple of the Beau-relief — Temple of the Cross — Temple of the Sun — Maler's Temple of the Cross — Significance ofthe Palenque crosses — Statue at Palenque — Other ruins in Tobasco and Chi apas — Ruins in Yucatan — Uxmal — The Governor's House — The Nunnery — Roomin Nunnery — The Sculptured Façades — Temple at Uxmal — Kabah — Zayi — Lab na — Labphak — Chichen-Itza — The Nunnery — The Castillo — The Gymnasium — M. Le Plongon's researches — The tradition of the Three Brothers — Chaac-Mal — Antiquity of Chichen-Itza. Chapter 15. The Culture of the Civilized Tribes. Different views on this question — Reasons for the same — Their architecture — Different styles of houses — The communal house — The teepan — Theteocalli — State of society indicated by this architecture — The gens amon g the Mexicans — The phratry among the Mexicans — The tribe — The powers and duties of the council — The head chiefs of the tribe — The duties of the "Chief-of-Men" — The mistake of the Spaniards — The Confederacy — The idea of property among the Mexicans — The ownership of land — Their laws — Enforcement of the laws — Outline of the growth of the Mexicans in power — Theirtribute system — How collected — Their system of trade — Slight knowledge of metallurgy — Religion — Quetzalcohuatl — Huitzilopochtli — Mexican priesthood — Human sacrifice — The system of Numeration — The calendar system — The Calendar Stone — Picture-writing — Landa Alphabet — Historical outline.Chapter 16. Ancient Peru. First knowledge of Peru — Expeditions of Pizarro — Geography of Peru — But a small part of it inhabitable — The tribes of a ncient Peru — How classified — Sources of our knowledge of Peru — Garcillaso De La Vega — Origin of Peruvian civilization — The Bolson of Cuzco — Historical outline — Their culture — Divided into phratries and gentes — Government — Efforts to unite the various tribes — Their system of colonies — Theroads of the Incas — The ruins of Chimu — The arts of the Chimu people — T he manufacture of Pottery — Excavation at Ancon — Ruins in the Huatica Valley — The construction of a Huaca — The ruins at Pachacamac — The Valley of the Canete — The Chincha Islands — Tiahuanuco — Carved gateway — The Islandof Titicaca — Chulpas — Aboriginal Cuzco — Temple of the Sun — The Fortres s — General remarks. Edges lightly worn, penned name, else very good. NOTE:Some extra shipping will be needed for this hefy volume. 120.00