India As It May Be; An Outline of a Proposed Government and Policy

By: CAMPBELL, George

Price: $425.00

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CAMPBELL, George. India As It May Be; An Outline of a Proposed Government and Policy. London : John Murray, 1853. Pp (4),[iii]-xxv,(1),[1]-438,[1]-32(ads dated Jan.1853),+ 2 maps. 8vo, original maroon pressed cloth. The maps:"Sketch of a portion of the Plain of the Ganges" (opp p.128) and "Proposed Site of the Capital of India" (opp p.130). George Campbell (1824, Cupar, F ifeshire - d. February 18. 1892, Cairo), Indian colonial administrator and reformer; Scottish M.P. Chapters : 1. Home Government. Nature of question and main principle premised - Nature of present defects - Shall India be actively governed in India or in England? - The controlling power of the Crownas at present exercised - Evils to he remedied -Proposed remedy - Minor ch anges - The administrative board and its defects - Proposed modes of election - Proposed mode of joint nomination and election - Summary of proposed Home Government - Suggested changes in regard to India House establishment -The Court of Proprietors - Proposed Court of Experts - Patronage 2. Indian Government. - Use of name of the Crown. - Necessity of one centralised gov ernment - Deficiencies of present Supreme Government - Remedies for those deficiencies - Proposed government and rules - Expense - Explanation of proposals - Appointment of unprofessional persons - Share of natives in government - Permanent location of Supreme Government - Why Calcutta should not bethe place - Why the place should be in Hindostan - Suggestion of a localit y and consequent arrangements Alternative if plan rejected - Local governments - Proposed 5th government and 6th political division - Constitution of subordinate governments - Expense, powers, location, &c. - Arrangements failing a centralised government; 3. Our Political Relations. External relations - The eastern frontier - The western frontier - Internal political relations - Necessity of revised system - Contingents and native troops - Political stipends - Policy of upholding states and privileges - Policy and opportunities of acquiring territor - The rules of succession; 4. The Civil Administration. Present state - Necessary amendments - Relation of government to its subjects . Necessity of codification and systematization - Agrarian code and policy - Duties of new Law Commission - Penal code - Criminal procedure and police - Civil procedure - The civil law - Commercial code - Abolition of local and personal distinctions - Judicial establishments - Proposed College of Justice - Separation of executive and judicial functions - Heads of executive departments - Local district executive - Union of executivepower in same hands - Size, establishment, &c, of districts - Municipaliti es and proposed octroi - Location of stations - Language of business - Modeof centralization - Relation of the government to its servants - Personnel of the service - Real nature of question covenanted or uncovenanted - Nece ssity of a line between European and native offices - Employment of natives- European service, comparative cheapness and advantage of - Question of p rofession or no profession - The uncovenanted European servants - Proposed opening of important offices to persons not in the service - Civil employment of military officers; 5. The Civil Service: Present state and defects - Necessity of enhanced standard - Nature of proposed remedies - Question of limit to numbers - Tests : Positive or relative — objections to relative test - Positive test by a single examination - By a series of tests combined with education - Haileybury : its state and defects - Proposed remedy by transfer of education and tests to an Indian College at Cambridge - CambridgeUniversity Commission Eeport, and argument derived therefrom - Education o f executive students - Separation and training of judicial students - Selection of a college - Alternative of amendments at Haileybury - Appointments and distribution of service in India - Farther training of judicial servants - Abolition of "college" system Training of executive servants - Promotion - Tenure of office - Salaries - Leave of absence - Pensions - Proposed rules; 6. Military Establishments. Financial importance of the army - Its statistics - Distinction between regulars and troops commonly called irregular- Cost of the army - Comparative cost of different arms - Comparative cost of different elements - Comparative cost of different presidencies - Compo sition of the native army - Comparison with former periods - Necessity of European troops - Regular sepoy army — its state — causes of its deficiencies - Employment of natives in superior grades - Proposed cavalry arrangements - Proposed infantry arrangements - Infusion of new blood into the native army - The commissariat, proposed change - Supply of European officers to the army - Naval establishments (pp.368-9); 7. Finance. General financial position - Necessity of improvement - How to create a surplus - Review of items of receipt, and proposed measures in regard thereto - Ditto of items of charge, and proposed reductions - Home charges - General result - Application of the surplus - Finance of different local governments - Financial treatment of Madras - Punjab finance - Altered form of accounts - Local financeand responsibility - Plan of local budgets and financial distribution - Re mittances by hypothecation; 8. Moral and Material Improvement. Provision for spiritual instruction - Absence of public - Failure of private - State ofnatives, and facilities for conversion - Causes of failure - Mode of proce eding suggested - Government interference towards this object - The most necessary means - Ecclesiastical establishment - Hindoo and Mahommedan endowments Education : Deficiencies of present system - Nature of, recommended - Schools and colleges - Languages - Political result of education - The press — condition of — causes of its defects - Measures recommended in regard to - Post-office - Overland communication - And connection with Mediterranean Countries - Colonization — difficulties of settlers - Suggested promotionand facilities - Proposed encouragement of immigration of Southern Christi ans - Amalgamation with the natives, and gradual transformation of the masses - Material improvements : Agriculture and machinery - Cotton — other products — tea - Suggested mode of agricultural speculation - Necessity of laws for protection of capital - Public works : Railways - Reasons for preferring Bombay to Calcutta line for main route - Question of interposition of companies - Roads and bridges — caravanserais — tolls - Indus harbour — canals of irrigation. Rebacked with original spine laid on, some foxing.and browning, particularly to early pages, else very good, tight. , With armorial bookplate o Hharry Hamilton Hinshaw, , 425.00

Title: India As It May Be; An Outline of a Proposed Government and Policy

Author Name: CAMPBELL, George

Categories: 888,

Publisher: John Murray, London, 1853,:

Seller ID: 10864

Keywords: INDIA INDIAN HISTORY COLONIAL GOVERNMENT BRITISH EMPIRE IMPERIAL ASIAN REFORMS POLITICS,