Early Trading Companies of New France : A Contribution to the History of Commerce and Discovery in North America. First Edition. Limited, Numbered Edition.


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BIGGAR, H.P. . Early Trading Companies of New France : A Contribution to the History of Commerce and Discovery in North America . [Toronto] : University of Toronto Library, 1901. Printed by Warwick Brothers and Rutter. First Edition. Limited, Numbered Edition. Pp (6),v-xii,1-308 + folding colour mapat rear (opp. p.308). Tall 8vo, green cloth, black leather spine with gilt lettering, top edge gilt.. In the University of Toronto Studies in History series. "Edition limited to 600 copies. No.124" Watters p.860. Chapters: 1 . The Discovery and Occupation of the St. Lawrence Valley [Cartier's First Voyage, 1534 - Cartier's Second Voyage, 1535 - Reports at Hochelaga of the Kingdom of Saguenay - Winter in Canada and return home - Interest in Franceat Cartier's discoveries - Renewed efforts in 1540 after four years' delay - Spies upon the designs of France - Cartier sets out on his third voyage, 1541 - His second winter on the banks of the St. Lawrence - Cartier disobe ys Roberval and returns to France - Roberval spends the winter in New France - Failure of his expedition and return to France - Summary of results]; 2. The Birth and Growth of Trade and Commerrce, 1497-1597. [Early voyages tothe Newfoundland fishing-banks - Henry VII's grant of a monopoly to Bristo l traders - Early French effort on the Banks - The extent of the French fishing industry - Cartier and the fishing industry - Roberval and the fishingindustry - Late arrival of Basque fishermen in the St. Lawrence - Early Fr ench fishing companies - Statistics of the industry at end of 16th century - The methods of the fishing industry - The fishing seasons - Whale fishing- Other varieties of fish - The fishing-trade prepared the way for the fur -trade - Early barter with the Indians for furs - Gradual extension of the fur-trade up the St. Lawrence - Importance of the fur trade at the end of the 16th century - Cartier's nephews secure in 1588 a monopoly of the trade - Revocation of this monopoly - Absence of the colonizing spirit from France - Foreigners encroaching on French claims in the St. Lawrence]; 3. The Two Attempts of La Roche and the First Fur-Trade Monopoly. [The career of La Roche - His attempt to colonize Sable Island [pp.40-42]- His failure - Criticism of the attempt -Pierre Chauvin secures monopoly of the fur-trade on condition of colonizing - Attempts by rivals to get the monopoly revoked - The monopoly, granted for ten years, withdrawn at end of three - Unauthorized trailers on the coasts south of the St. Lawrence - Union of St. Malo and Rouen traders under the monopoly - Chauvin dying is succeeded by Chaste, who is aided by Cham plain - Dupont-Gravé and Champlain in New France - Deathof Chaste - End of his monopoly]; 4. The Two Monopolies od Monts, 1604-160 8. [Monts takes up Chaste's colonizing work - Opposition to his monopoly - Terms of the new articles of association - Settlement of Ste. Croix [in NewBrunswick ] - Difficulty of enforcing the monopoly - Conditions at Ste. Cr oix - Commercial difficulties - The winter at Ste. Croix - Removal from Ste. Croix to Port Royal - The summer's trade - Difficulties in securing freshcolonists - Poutrincourt at Port Royal - Interlopers in the fur-trade - Su dden withdrawal of the Co.'s monopoly - Retirement from Port Royal - The cod-fishing during this year - Monts transfers his interest to the St. Lawrence trade and secures unconditional monopoly for one year - Champlain erectsfactory at Quebec, 1608 - His plans in New France - End of the first perio d of monopoly]; 5. The Freedom of Trade, 1609-1613. [Conditions in the spring of 1609 - Champlain promises to aid the Montagnais against the Iroquois - Sketch of relations of Indian tribes in New France - The French obliged by trade situation to take part with weaker tribes - Champlain joins Hurons and Montagnais in successful expedition against the Iroquois - Condition oftrade of New France - Difficulty of continuing the factory at Quebec - Tra ders in the St. Lawrence uncontrolled - The new arrivals secure the advantage in trading with the Indians - Poutrincourt trading in Bay of Fundy - TheJesuits purchase shares in vessels and go out to Port Royal - Scarcity at Port Royal - Early arrival in 1612 of traders in the St. Lawrence - Unsatisfactory conditions of trade - New trading posts on the Bay of Fundy - Review of progress made during the three years of open trade - Champlain and hisallies secure support at court - The Comte de Soissons becomes Viceroy and new monopoly secured - On Soisson's death Condé succeeds. His career - Cha mplain's Co. to have monopoly of trade west of Quebec - Indians hold aloof from trade - Champlain goes far up the Ottawa, is imposed upon by guide, but opens up trade - Disputes with Jesuits at Port Royal - The English attackPort Royal - Narrow district in which open trade permitted]; 6. Champlain' s Company, 1614-1620. [The lower St. Lawrence included in Condé's monopoly - The Co. includes only Rouen and St. Malo merchants - Factory at Quebec transferred to new Co. - Activity of English and Dutch traders on Atlantic coast hampers French trade - La Rochelle merchants in the St. Lawrence - Condé's quarrel with the Court - Champlain before the States-General of 1614 - The trade outlook in New France in 1615 - Champlain spends winter of 1615-16 among the Hurons and concludes treaties - The summer of 1616 at Quebec - The state of trade in the Bay of Fundy - Imprisonment of Condé in France - Disputes concerning the viceroyship of New France - First colonists (Hébertfamily) at Quebec in 1617 - Extensive barter with the Indians in 1617 - Th émines succeeds Condé as Viceroy. Trade disputes - Champlain's vigilance for the Company's interests - Domestic affairs in New France. Murder by Indians - Efforts to ptomote colonization. Narrow policy of the Company - Champlain's disputes with the directors of the Company - Condé reinstated as Viceroy, but soon retires in favor of Montmorency - The Company's monopoly cancelled (1620) on Champlain's report of the state of things at Quebec]; 7. The Caëns Company and its Union with Champlain's, 1621-1627. [Monopoly of thefur trade for eleven years granted to the Caëns - Both the old Co. and the Caëns send out vessels in 1621 - Rivalries of the two Co.'s in New France - Decision that both Co.'s may trade for the season - Difficulties in the colony - The English in New England - Fusion of the two rival Co.'s - The trade of 1622 and 1623 - Sir William Alexander and the founding of Nova Scotia - Treaty of peace with the Iroquois - The Récollets seek help from the Jesuits - The Due de Ventadour succeeds Montmoreney as Viceroy - Disputes between the Huguenots and Catholics - Stagnation at Quebec. Champlain's renewed zeal - Dealings with the Indians - Trade on the Atlantic Coast - Rupture of the peace with the Iroquois - Dutch and English settlements interfere with French trade - Gloomy prospects at Quebec - Courage and energy of Champlain] ; 8. The Company of New France, 1627-1629. [Richelieu's rise to power in France - Proposals for organizing the Company of New France - The Chevalier de Razilly the father of the undertaking - Revocation of monopoly of United Co. and suppression of office of Viceroy - Articles of the Company of New France - The first fleet despatched in 1628 - Causes of dispute betweenFrance and England - Jarvis Kirke prepares an expedition to the St. Lawren ce in the service of England - Champlain refuses to surrender Quebec to Kirke - Kirke captures the fleet of the Co. of New France - Establishment by Alexander of the Baronets of Nova Scotia - Union between Alexander's interests and Kirke's - The new Co. sends two fleets against New France - David Kirke before Quebec - Surrender of Quebec July 20, 1627 - The Co. of New France causes heavy losses to the English - Champlain carried a prisoner to England - Decision of Charles I to restore New France to France]; 9. New France Under the Scottish and English CompanyY, 1629-1632. [Dispute about furs seized by English at Quebec - French press for restoration of New France - The Co. of New France prepares for renewed operations - The French on the Bay of Fundy and in Cape Breton - The English and Scottish Co. trading in NewFrance - Affairs in Newfoundland - Caën's claims for furs brought from Que bec - Negotiations for peace - The demands of Charles 1 - Delay in the negotiations - The Scottish and English Co., through this delay, have another season in New France - The Co. of New France able to carry on very little trade - Continued negotiations for peace - Repeated delays - Progress of the negotiations - Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye, signed March 20th, 1632 - Discontent in England at the terms of the treaty - The English evacuate Quebec- The Co. of New France take over the posts in Acadia - The entry of the C o. of New France into possession concludes the period of the early trading compames of New France]; Appendix : The Sources. Introduction The Sources. Part I: official. Chronological list of the official sources from 1510 to 1633; The Sources. Part II: Narrative. Verrazano, Carlis' Letter, John Rut; Cartier's Voyages, Pierre Crignon; Roberval'a Voyage, Jean Mallart, Jean Alfonse, Anthony Parkhurst's Letter, Carlyle's Discourse, Gilbert's Voyage, Jacques Noel, André Thevet, Richard Hakluyt, Richard Fisher, Silvester Wyet,Charles Leigh, Bertrand's Letter, Marc Lescarbot, Ennemond Massé, Father B iard, Lallemant's Letters, Daniel and Malapart, Champlain, Gabriel Sagard, Le Jeune's Relation, Pere Le Tac, Le Clercq's History; The Sources. Part III: Anonymous. The Factum, La Plainte de la Nouvette France , Au Roy sur la Nouvelle France. With index. Light spotting to first two leaves, slight wear to cloth, else a very nice copy of a scarce edition.. 750.00

Title: Early Trading Companies of New France : A Contribution to the History of Commerce and Discovery in North America. First Edition. Limited, Numbered Edition.

Author Name: BIGGAR, H.P.

Categories: 888,

Publisher: University of Toronto Library, Toronto, 1901,:

Seller ID: 107833