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BRANCH-JOHNSON, W. English Prison Hulks. With a Foreword by Hugh J. Klare, Secretary of The Howard League for Penal Reform. London : Christopher Johnson, (1957). First Edition. Pp (4),v-x,1-205,(1) + frontispiece + 4 leaves of plates. One illustration in the text. 8vo, blue cloth, with gilt lettering to spine.
Priority of cloth colour unknown.
William Branch-Johnson (b. October 20, 1893, in Walthamstow, Essex, England - d. April 6, 1979).
"Just over one hundred years ago— on 14th July, 1857 — the last of the English prison hulks, the Defence, was destroyed by fire at Wooiwich. .
Nearly everyone has heard of these hulks, yet this book is their first detailed story. They tend to rank with the galleys as vaguely apprehended chambers of horror, not too closely confined to any particular period in history. The truth is that, having been established rather less than two centuries ago, they remained in use as floating prisons for civil prisoners into the lifetime of a few people still living.
Many famous ships ended their days in sombre fashion as prison hulks, moored off the mud banks of the Thames Estuary or Portsmouth Harbour. Here their inmates formed a source of cheap and convenient labour in the dockyards. Ships used for this purpose included the Bellerophon, to whose captain Napoleon surrendered in 1815, the Discovery, which had accompanied Captain Cook on his last voyage, and the Euryalus, which had fought with Nelson at Trafalgar. Bellerophon and Euryalus had, in succession to each other, the ultimate shame of being juvenile prisons.
The record of the prison hulks is also the history of the efforts to reform them. There is the same contrast between their critics who describe them as 'hell on earth' and the complacent eulogies of their official defenders, as can be seen in the struggle for social reform in this and other spheres today. Amongst the early reformers was the indefatigable John Howard, who was not sparing in his criticism of these institutions.
This book fills a gap in the history of penology. "
Foreword by Hugh J. Klare, Secretary of The Howard League for Penal Reform.
1. A Temporary Expedient.
2. Campbell's Academy.
3. Aristocrats of Crime.
4. Hardening into Permanence.
5. "Liberal Principles."
6. Prisoners of War.
7. Louis Garneray [Ambroise Louis Garneray, French corsair and painter (b. February 19, 1783, Paris – d. September 11, 1857, Paris) ].
8. A Young Man of Massachusetts [Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse (b. March 4, 1754, Newport, Rhode Island – d. October 2, 1846, Cambridge, Mass.)].
9. Alarums and Excursions.
10. The Reign of J.H. Capper.
11. Advance - Of a Sort.
12. Cocks on Their Own Dunghill.
13. "Hell Upon Earth."
14. Prisoners' Souls.
15. Prisoners' Bodies.
16. Young Villains.
17. Crime or Politics?
18. Bermuda (pp.164-173).
19. The Great Exposure.
20. Lieut.-Col. Sir Joshua Jebb [b. May 8, 1793 at Chesterfield, Derby, England - d. June 26, 1863, Chesterfield - see DCB.].
With bibliography and index.
Front inner hinge crack, else very good in chipped, unclipped dustjacket. 70.00
Title: English Prison Hulks. First Edition, blue cloth, in dustjacket
Publisher: Christopher Johnson, London, 1957,: 1957
Item: 1.00 Item
Seller ID: 110872