FEDYSHYN, Oleh S.
Title: Germany's Drive to the East and the Ukrainian Revolution, 1917-1918. First Edition in dustjacket
Publisher:  Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1971,
Seller ID: 114915
FEDYSHYN, Oleh S. Germany's Drive to the East and the Ukrainian Revolution,1917-1918. New Brunswick, New Jersey : Rutgers University Press, (1971). F irst Edition. Pp (6),[vii]-xii,(2),-401,(3). Maps. 8vo, red cloth, blacklettering to spine, top edge dyed bluish-grey. Oleh Sylvester Fedyshyn (b. 1928, Ukraine - d. February 3, 2006, New York City). "The years 1917 and 1 918 were critical and unhappy years in the history of the Ukraine, as well as of other states that were to be established on the ruins of the Czarist Empire. In January 1918, in fulfillment of a centuries-old desire for national and political autonomy from Russia, the Central Rada, a freely constituted body of Ukrainian leaders, proclaimed the Ukraine an independent state.In the following month. in a desperate attempt to prevent tne Bolsheviks f rom gaining control over the rich Ukrainian lands, the Rada signed a separate peace with the Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk. Concluded at a moment when the European east was in chaos, this treaty opened the way for German military occupation and political domination of the Ukraine. In this meticulously researched book, Professor Oleh S. Fedyshyn provides a study of the evolution of Imperial Germany's occupation policies and German relations withthe complex internal situation in the Ukraine and other eastern lands. Alt hough he is primarily concerned with the Reich's drive into the Ukraine andwith the Ukrainian independence movement, Professor Fedyshyn deals also wi th Austrian aims in the Ukraine, the problem of rile Crimea and the Black Sea, the Polish question, and Russian-German relations of the period. Some of the most interesting aspects of this fresh examination of the Reich's eastern gamble during World War I have to do with the frictions and rivalry between the Reich's war lords and the German Foreign Office. As Professor Fedyshyn points out, events in the east, and even the destinies of the war, might have developed along entirely different lines had the Reich pursued a different or less ambivalent eastern polcy, or had different officials been appointed to administer the occupation. He offers a close analysis of German maneuverings with respect to the overthrow of the Rada and the establishment of General Skoropadsky's Hetmanate as they were dictated by both ideological or expansionist projections and short-range economic and military considerations. Professor Fedyshyn bases his book principally on German and Austrian archival materials captured by the Allies during World War II, afterthe fall of Berlin. Scholarly and restrained, Professor Fedyhyn is none th e less clear in expressing his differences with other interpretations of Germany's eastern aims during World War I. What emerges is a realistic view of one policy during this period, as well as discussion of a significant phase of the Ukrainian national movement. This earlier German involment in theaffairs of the second largest ethnic group of the Czarist Empire helps to explain the repeated German occupation of the Ukraine during World War II and the Ukrainian response to the Germans in both wars." (from the dj). Contents : 1. The Ukranian national movement and the outbreak of World War I. 2. German war aims in the east and the Ukraine, 1914-1916. 3. German plans in the east and the Russian revolution. 4. The Ukranian Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. 5. The occupation of the Ukraine. 6. The aftermath : the development of occupation policies. 7. The turning point : General Skoropadsky's coup d'etat. 8. The Hetmanate : return to "normalcy". 9. Economic exploitation of the Ukraine : a balance sheet. 10. German plans and policies in the Crimea and the Black Sea basin. 11. Disengagement and collapse : the fall of the Hetmanate and the end of the occupation. 12. Conclusion. Very good in edgeworn and rubbed, price-clipped dustjacket. 35.00